The SCD is a political subdivision run by a board of supervisors, three of whom are elected to six-year terms in county elections. The other two are appointed for one year terms. The monthly business meetings are open to the public, and interested residents are welcome to attend. The district helps local landowners and producers accomplish conservation goals and include conservation as a part of their operations. The district also provides education, information, and technical assistance. The SCD cooperates with state and federal agencies, private organizations, individuals, and businesses to accomplish these goals. The district also provides trees and other services to help residents with their conservation efforts.
Soil conservation districts were established following the Dirty Thirties to provide locally driven and controlled support for conservation efforts by landowners. The Foster County Soil Conservation District was organized in 1944. The District was formed to assist people in Foster County with control and prevention of erosion and conservation of soil and natural resources.